Total artworks: 3
Education:Royal Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando
Museum collections:Pushkin Museum; Hermitage Museum; Tate Britain; Victoria and Albert Museum; National Galleries of Scotland; Galleria degli Uffizi; Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía; Museu Nacional dArt de Catalunya; Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum; Museum Ludwig; Art Institute of Chicago; Guggenheim Museum; Museum of Modern Art; National Gallery of Art; The Metropolitan Museum of Art;
Salvador Domingo Felipe Jacinto Dalí i Domènech was born on May 11, 1904, at 8:45 am GMT in the town of Figueres, in the Empordà region, close to the French border in Catalonia, Spain. His father, Salvador Dalí i Cusí, was a middle-class lawyer and нотари whose strict disciplinary approach was tempered by his wife, Felipa Domenech Ferrés, who encouraged her sons artistic endeavors.
In 1922, Dalí moved into the Residencia de Estudiantes (Students Residence) in Madrid and studied at the Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando. Dalí was expelled from the Academia in 1926, shortly before his final exams when he was accused of starting an unrest.
In 1980 at age 76, Dalís health took a catastrophic turn. His right hand trembled terribly, with Parkinson-like symptoms. His near-senile wife allegedly had been dosing him with a dangerous cocktail of unprescribed medicine that damaged his nervous system, thus causing an untimely end to his artistic capacity.
In 1982, King Juan Carlos bestowed on Dalí the title of Marqués de Dalí de Púbol(Marquis of Dalí de Púbol) in the nobility of Spain, hereby referring to Púbol, the place where he lived. The title was in first instance hereditary, but on request of Dalí changed to life only in 1983.
In 1984, a fire broke out in his bedroom under unclear circumstances. It was possibly a suicide attempt by Dalí, or possibly simple negligence by his staff. Dalí was rescued by friend and collaborator Robert Descharnes and returned to Figueres, where a group of his friends, patrons, and fellow artists saw to it that he was comfortable living in his Theater-Museum in his final years.
In November 1988, Dalí entered the hospital with heart failure; a pacemaker had already been implanted previously. On December 5, 1988, he was visited by King Juan Carlos, who confessed that he had always been a serious devotee of Dalí. Dalí gave the king a drawing (Head of Europa, which would turn out to be Dalís final drawing) after the king visited him on his deathbed.
On January 23, 1989, while his favorite record of Tristan and Isolde played, Dalí died of heart failure at Figueres at the age of 84. He is buried in the crypt below the stage of his Theatre and Museum in Figueres. The location is across the street from the church of Sant Pere, where he had his baptism, first communion, and funeral, and is only three blocks from the house where he was born.